Native SpeciesRed oak

Quercus rubra
FOUND by 18Elt
2018-09-13
Falmouth
Not Yet Reviewed by Expert
Quality checked by Mrs.H
Peer reviewed by KB
Field Notes
Groups in our class are doing an investigation on the plant life in a certain area around the school campus. Each group was assigned a 4 x 4-meter transect in which we were to identify the plant and study it to see if it was native or invasive while taking notes. On the day we went out to study, it was mid-September and about 70 degrees and mildly humid. The environment around us consisted of a road that was the divide between a developed area and forest environment. Along the edges of the road and trail, the vegetation was limited, but a few meters in it became dense and somewhat habitable. In our space, there were a few consistent plants, not a lot of variety, and the ground was rocky with a bed of pine needles and leaves layering on the soil. We were looking for Asian Bittersweet, also known as the Celastrus Orbiculatus, invasive to Maine. It was not located our confined space specifically, the plant that did appear that was thriving was the Glossy Buckthorn. The leaves of this are similar to the Asian Bittersweet but don’t grow off a woody vine. One of the reasons why the Asian Bittersweet wasn’t there was because of the lack of larger vegetation for it to coil around to reach the required sunlight that it wouldn’t obtain otherwise on the forest floor. The Glossy Buckthorn ranged from about ¾ of a meter to a meter and a half off the ground. This invasive species dominated the space, I don’t think this plant is beneficial to the ecosystem that has been formed. A species we did find was the Red Oak tree, native to Maine. The Red Oak I found was very young based on the width of its trunk, I was surprised it was able to grow as much as it did considering there was a canopy of greater trees covering on top of it. I was able to identify this as an oak fairly easily because of its general shape and structure. This deciduous tree had not yet started changing color as it would in a months time, it was a vibrant green tone with a glossy coating on top. Along the Red Oak on the ground was lots of small plants beginning to take shape but was an unclear structure. These may be seeds from the red oak trying to grow, undoubtedly they will not be able to grow there from the lack of space, based on my observations.
A sketch of our study site.
Supporting Evidence
Photo of my evidence.
This is a small Red oak tree. They can reach heights of 75 feet, but this one is very young and still spreading out. These trees are native to Maine, so this species is spread commonly throughout our area. A common characteristic of young Red oak trees is that they are very adaptable and able to grow in an urban setting.
Photo of my evidence.
This photo is of a Red oakleaf. I was able to identify this oak by its broad leaves, they have 1-3 cm concave indentations running along the rim, and the convex part of the leave juts out with a pointed tip ending the vane of the inner leaf. It is 24 centimeters long from the top of the leaf to the bottom. Another oak tree that grows in Maine is the white oak, the leaf shape of those are very rounded and not to be confused with the red oak.
Photo of my evidence.
These leaves on a Red oak have an alternating pattern while coming out of the branch. They also have a dark green color and glossy coating. The tree trunk of a red oak tree can grow up to be 2-3 feet in diameter, but this one specifically is still young with only two inches trunk diameter.
Species Observation: Species Looked For
Did you find it?: 
I think I found it
Scientific name:
Quercus rubra
Common name:
Red oak
Sampling method: 
Transect
Photo of our sampling method.
Place Studied
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Map this species
Latitude: 
N 43.736712 °
Longitude: 
W -70.275310 °
Observation Site Information
A photo of our study site.
Habitat: 
Upland - Developed areas
Trip Information
Name:
2018 School Site Forest Edge
Trip date: 
Thu, 2018-09-13 07:26
Town or city: 
Falmouth
Type of investigation: 
Species Survey
Ecosystem: 
Upland
Watershed: 
Presumpscot
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